The violence in South Sudan in punctured the euphoria surrounding the ending of 21 years of conflict — and the emergence of South Sudan as an independent nation in The economic factors contributing to the political instability have been apparent since independence, yet they have not been addressed with any urgency.
On the one hand, the traditional sources of livelihoods such as farming and cattle-rearing remain devastated. On the other, the flooding of the economy with revenue from oil exports has skewed incentives towards capturing rents.
Arresting the deteriorating situation will require investing oil revenues and aid resources in building capacity to diversify production and trade. View the discussion thread. Exiting the cycle of conflict in South Sudan: diversifying trade for sustained and inclusive prosperity. On the other hand, Darfur has seen significant improvements in security, with some displaced people returning home but 1. If the Government cannot do that, he added, the United States is in favour of the Council considering all options.
What is behind the economic and political crisis in Sudan?
The exceptional situation calls for the greatest caution in order that all stakeholders can complete a smooth transition and democratic change, he added. The Military Transitional Council has announced several steps to stabilize the situation, including the replacement of unpopular Government officials, he said, adding that the Head of the Council has stated that the transitional period will last no more than two years, ending with the handover of power to a civilian arrangement.
However, protests continue in Khartoum and other parts of Sudan, he said, noting that the Military Transitional Council has started a dialogue with the Declaration of Freedom of Change on an all-inclusive transitional mechanism. He said that the changes at the federal level have had an obvious impact on Darfur, with internally displaced persons and other protesters engaging in violent acts, including arson on premises of the National Intelligence and Security Services and the former ruling party, as well as the homes of community leaders seen to have collaborated with the previous regime.
In the midst of these developments, UNAMID has remained vigilant and maintained a robust posture, particularly in the Jebel Marra area of responsibility where peacekeeping troops are deployed. Day-to-day operations are continuing, patrols have been intensified, and the Operation is still interacting with partners on the ground, he said, noting that United Nations staff have not been targeted so far.
Incidents of intercommunal clashes remained low, he said, noting that humanitarian partners continued to provide aid, focusing on life-saving assistance to vulnerable groups despite restrictions on access in some parts of Jebel Marra. However, SLA-AW leader Abdul Wahid Nour, has rejected the Military Transitional Council as an attempt to reproduce the previous regime, he said, urging he Council to call upon him to seize the opportunity and engage politically with the authorities.
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In that context, the Operation is establishing contacts and a working relationship with the new administration at the federal and state levels, he said. The direct impact of recent political events on humanitarian operations has so far been limited and regular operations have continued, including a major campaign to vaccinate children against polio and measles. According to the latest analysis, 5.
With the lean season due to start in May, the number will increase, she predicted, pointing out that imports of medicine in dropped by one third from However, Darfur has seen significant improvements in security, with some displaced people returning home but 1. However, humanitarian access has improved significantly in recent years, she pointed out.
He went on to underline the need for a collaborative relationship among the national decision-making authorities, the international community and the United Nations. He pointed out, however, that there is currently no counterpart on the Sudanese side with whom to engage in this important conversation. The United Kingdom also supports calls for accountability, including through cooperation with the International Criminal Court, he emphasized.
Regarding the eventual drawdown of UNAMID, he stressed the need for a gradual and sensible approach that takes developments on the ground into account. He asked how two UNAMID police units responded to the recent killing of people in a camp for the internally displaced. Pointing out that people are only seeking to be heard, he called for calm and avoidance of bloodshed at all costs, emphasizing that the time has come to leverage this opportunity for a democratic and peaceful transition.
Sudan crisis: What you need to know
The Sudanese people deserve political renewal and economic recovery, as well as the chance to be compensated for their suffering, he said, adding that it is also time for an all-inclusive political system that respects human rights and the norms of international law while restoring trust among the people. He went on to urge all parties in Sudan to work towards the installation of a civilian transitional authority.
He went on to urge all parties concerned to prioritize national interests, while pointing out that what is unfolding is a domestic affair. No outside entities should interfere, he stressed. The transitional authority must be led by civilians and hear the voices of the people, she said. Justice is essential and, therefore, the perpetrators of grave crimes, including sexual violence and violence against children, must be brought to justice, she said, emphasizing that France supports cooperation with the International Criminal Court.
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