Sonata in A Minor. Translation: Composed by Domenico Scarlatti. Sonata in D minor, K. Translation: Minuet in G Major, K. Andante in C Major, K.
Minuet in F Major, K. Translation: Celebrate Scarlatti includes selected Sonatas. Sonata in C, L , K 73b.
Sheet music. Keyboard Sonata in G major, K. Scarlatti , Domenico.
Arrangements and Transcriptions. Sheet music Original: Engraving files. Translation: Final. Translation: Piano. Sheet music PDF Scarlatti. Scarlatti - Sonata K. L Sheet Music by Domenico Scarlatti. Domenico Scarlatti. Translation: Novato Music Press. Piano Solo. Novato Music Press. Translation: Piano Solo. Sonatas K K K K La Majeur.
It is surprising that this unstable condition is made of direct and simple melodies, derived many times from popular music and dances. Nowadays, however, his effects and apparently messy constructions are started to be considered as rationally elaborated. Hence, it is natural that these brilliant and effective keyboard constructions attracted one of the greatest piano virtuosos of the last century: Vladimir Horowitz.
At the same time, he contributed immensely in the divulgation of Domenico Scarlatti works, playing these sonatas for about 60 years during his life. Vladimir Horowitz and the Scarlatti Music on modern pianos Vladimir Horowitz was born in Kiev in , and had a spectacular career which began in Russia, around The way he approached the music score was characterized by freedom and emotional intensity.
He was a true representative of the romantic school of piano playing. As Harold Schoenberg reports: today it is hard to tell the difference between a Juilliard or a Moscow Conservatory graduate. The composer most investigated in this sense is Johann Sebastian Bach.
Of playing in modern equivalent instruments Walls , Many of the answers emphasize some remarkable qualities of the instrument: dynamic range, ability of producing cantabile lines, clarity and the use of pedal as important means of expression. He stresses the need for searching pianistic colors and singing lines.
He emphasizes strongly the needing for knowledge for an expressive artistic approach Mach , Dubal , For instance, Charles Rosen p. Daniel Ericort p. Never had been this composer more fortunate in an interpreter. The discussion will be of the following sonatas: K. They are all based on online editions which adhere to text of the Kenneth Gilbert Edition. Only the beginning or the first half of each sonata will be presented, due to the length limits of this essay; it is enough because the other half usually presents the same aspects.
Books by Domenico Scarlatti
Case Study I — Sonata K. The Sonata in A. Major K. The thematic construction is subordinated by the joy of playing; the elements of unity, according to Stucliffe Stucliffe , 8 , are only the repeated-note figure of the opening. The double-escape mechanism also contributes to an accurate execution of the fast repeated notes. A remarkable aspect of his playing is the steadiness of tempo, which sustains the tension of musical structure: the incessant motifs sound linked, expressively contrasting to the apparently irregular writing.
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According to Kirkpatrick, a steady inexorable beat can achieve an enormous expressive power, partly by its very resistance to the forces that oppose it, but partly through the tensions created by the contrast between the regular pulse and the irregular musical phrase. Kirkpatrick , Example 1 — Scarlatti — Sonata K. This work presents the same virtuosic features as the sonata discussed before, but now there is more thematic variety and contrasts of mood, due to the alternation of the major and minor modes.
The most notable characteristic of his playing is the unit created by the emphasis on the lower notes; the basses strongly marked, as found in bars 8, 18, 25 and 32 , make all the elements together, creating expectancy and sense of continuity. Other important aspects of this performance are the contrasts of chiaroscuro when approaching the major and minor modes.
Again, the regularity of the rhythm contributes to a natural continuity of the contrasting elements.
Scarlatti Sonata K - download free sheet music and scores
From bar 54, the basses give the direction of the piece; the leaps in the left hand are very hard to play, but his easiness of execution plays an important role in building the structure of the movement. About the strangeness of the abruptly interrupted left-hand scales at bars 68 and 71, Stucliffe points that: seems to proclaim the independence of the keyboard from normal voice-leading conduct; the thrill of the sudden plunge down over two octaves is more important Stucliffe , Example 2 — Scarlatti - Sonata K.
Horowitz had this piece in his repertoire during all his career. It was a hybrid performance, an anachronism, as is all harpsichord music on the piano. But the playing was so deeply felt that the work emerged in its sombre splendour Cooper , We cannot grasp what Cooper would say when listening to the live recording at the Metropolitan Opera House, , which is analyzed here. Another important device to create this effect of magic is his pedaling: there are no dry bars, the harmonies are delicately amalgamated but at the same time clear.
I should mention that it is not a matter of criticizing the authenticity or not of his approach.
Historical or not, the effectiveness of this pianistic execution is undeniable. Example 03 — Scarlatti - Sonata K. Horowitz prepares and reaches intensely both climaxes, in bars 06 and 11, adopting a subtle ritardando as an expressive gesture. His way of shaping big intervals vocally is very evident, especially in the sequence started in bar 8: each half of the bar progresses one tone higher, leading to a second climax.
Horowitz plays the leap of one ninth, which appears in the beginning of each progression, slightly delayed. About this Kirkpatrick says: what brings a melodic line to life is the imaginary duplication or suggestion of what the voice has to do, ideally speaking, to negotiate that line, and of the sensations of negotiating it. Kirkpatrick , Other aspects of Horowitz phrasing and coloring are again evident, the basses leading and building the crescendos like in bars 5 and 6 , constant pedaling creating a harmonically rich sonority, and variety of colors when exploring repetitions, like eco effects, like in the second repetition in bar 14 of the already presented melody in bar Example 04 — Scarlatti — Sonata K.
The instrumental medium, a modern Steinway, is completely strange to the composer. He presents a rich and provocative view to the listeners, which can give interesting insights to any performer. Badura- Skoda , Horowitz shows in his view of Scarlatti that it is possible to present coherent and effective performances of harpsichord music on the piano, transcending the belief of one single possibility of playing.
In this way, we can say that the concept of Authenticity might be somehow expanded from the execution on period instruments to modern mediums, giving hints about this music to the pianists. Bibliography Badura-Skoda, Paul.
Related Sonata in A major - K39/P53/L391
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